George Frederick Dickson

born 2. May 1787 in Manchester, England
died 14. February 1859 in London, England
 
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Liverpool               1822 - 1835              Everton

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©   Kurt Müller 2016
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George Dickson (I)
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Below: St.George's church in Everton, where the Dicksons' children and Carlos / Charles were baptised.
 
"LostLiverpool.com" writes about the church and this part of the city:

 
"
St George's church
, also known as the Iron Church, towers over the city of Liverpool as it stands at the highest point on the hill. It was
built in 1814
by, and for, the wealthy merchants who lived in what must have been a beautiful village overlooking the city and the River Mersey.The view from the churchyard must have been a sight to behold, especially on a summers evening as the sunsets out over Liverpool bay colouring the sky various shades of red. In those days, the river would have been teeming with sailing ships bringing back sugar, spices, cotton and all manner of goods that would add to the merchant's wealth. ... Everton and Kirkdale in this period were places of stark contrasts, then, between the affluent mercantile classes and the increasing numbers of the impoverished working classes who inhabited the sprawling victorian terraces and courts of the slopes from St George's Hill down to the dock area."
1814.StGeorgesKr
1830.HistoryOfEverton291ffPrtS
1824:
Dickson Geo. 4, High str
 
1825:
HIGH STREET, E. side Town hall.
1 Lawson and Clarke1 Tonna L. H. J.
2 Thompson Wm.
3 Ellis Benj.
4 Dickson G. F.
 
ST. GEORGE'S HILL, Hill side, Everton. Dickson G. F.
Heyworth James Heyworth Ormerod Moore Thos
 
1827
Dickson George Frederick, merchant, St. George's Hill, Everton
 
Poll Book 1832

DICKSON,GEORGE,MERCHANT,NETHERFIELD ROAD NORTH,EVERTON,E & T,
DICKSON,GEORGE F.,MERCHANT,EVERTON,S,L'POOL

Supposedly in about 1821 / 22, after the dissolution of the former commercial partnerships G.F.Dickson moved with his family, i.e. with his wife Jane, his three surviving children (Frederick Cartwright, 8, Thomas Ashton, 7, and Jane Elizabeth, 3) and with his black servant Charles (whom he had bought in Buenos Aires as a slave) back to England, i.e. to Liverpool. At first they lived in 4, High Street, where G.F.Dickson -  now apparently with Robert Montgomery as his remaining partner -   ran a bank in addition to the South American trade as such (see bottom of page).
 
Though it seems to be obvious to suppose a connection between the change of places and the dissolution of the commercial partnerships, the return to England may also have been led by private motives, for instance by concern over his children's health, after two of his five children born in Buenos Aires had died soon after their birth. It is also a bit eye-catching that the three surviving children were (newly?) christened soon after the family's return to England, shortly before the birth of the fourth child, as can be traced in the church records of  St.George's Church (below):

Below: St.George's Hill in 1819, with St.George's Church. There also the "bifold villa" of the Dicksons was located. For its location and characteristics see left and below (all articles from: "History of Everton)

Baptism: 2 May 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Spencer Naylor Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane
Born: 10 Feb 1823
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 30, Entry 239
 
Baptism: 26 Oct 1824
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
George William Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane
Born: 21 Sep 1824
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 38, Entry 302
 
Baptism: 12 Feb 1827
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Arthur Benson Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane
Born: 12 Jan 1827
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 51, Entry 402

The following of G.F.Dickson's addresses in Liverpool and Everton are known to us:

In the year 1824 G.F.Dickson bought the "bifold" villa of the just deceased John Hind; the change of houses is announced in the "Gazetteer of the County" for 1824  (see below), the Villa and the story of its creation / development are extensively described in the "History of Everton" (1830, see below).

1830.HistoryOfEvertonIntroBS
1824.Umzug2.Prt
G.F.Dickson in Buenos Aires
 
G.F.Dickson in London
 
G.F.Dickson of Abbots Reading
 
G.F.Dickson the Botanist
 
G.F.Dickson the Diplomat
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Frederick Cartwright Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane
Born: 2 May 1814
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866, Page 29, Entry 226
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Thomas Ashton Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane
Born: 13 Jan 1816
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866, Page 29, Entry 227
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Jane Elizabeth Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane
Born: 17 Jan 1820
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866, Page 29, Entry 228
1819.StGeorgesKr

Also in Liverpool the overseas trade stayed G.F.Dickson's predominant field of activities.  After in Buenos Aires the first River Plate (Argentinian) bank had been founded in the year 1822, the "Banco de Descuento", with three British merchants in its board, one of them G.F.Dickson's partner Robert Montgomery, for Dickson & Co. also their own banking business seems to have gained importance. The author of "Five years residence in Buenos Ayres" (see right) refers to this when speaking of the "establishment of the Bank":

1825.ca.DicksonMontgomeryPrt2
1825.Dickson.Everton.Prt

"shipping firm of Dickson and Montgomery had a man named John Brown, representing them in Buenos Aires...    (His) brother.. went to Liverpool to work for Dickson and Montgomery, and moved to Buenos Aires in 1824....In 1827, this Liverpool based firm appointed (him).. to succeed" (John Brown). "He got involved in the meat industry..."

1828.DebtsPrt

In "Travels in South Ame-rica" (1825, see below) G.F.Dickson is mentioned, and in the "Ulster Genealogical Review 1992" (No.8, Vol.2) Kenneth Darwin writes that the

In the year 1828, during the war of the River Plate, a large quantity of goods belonging to G.F.Dickson, on board of the  Argentinian ship "Felix" was taken and confiscated by Brazil. This was the beginning of a long term legal controversy between G.F.Dickson and the Brazilian government.

 

*

 Whereas in the USA slavery was eventually abolished in 1865,
Prussia
had banned slave trade by law in
1715
(along with the
1830.HistoryOfEvertonIntroAS
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Family history Müller - Humphreys
DICKSON_George_F_Hargreaves_MKSh

This pencil sketch showing G.F.Dickson was drawn by the renowned painter

Thomas Hargreaves

. Allegedly it was done in  1840, but probably it shows G.F.Dickson in 1835 or earlier. We owe great gratitude to the

Liverpool Record Office

,

Liverpool Libraries

, who gave us a copy of it and allowed us to publish it here, with particular thanks to Roger Hull.

LibraryText
 
DICKSON George F Hargreaves LPL-LogoKlein
 
DICKSON George F Hargreaves 213 Writing3c90s

Mr. G.F.Dickson
St. George's Hill
Everton

Below: G.F.Dickson probably between the age of 40 and 45 (pencil sketch by T.Hargreaves)

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Baptism: 12 Apr 1824
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Charles
Abode: Everton
Occupation:
Servant to Geo Frederick Dickson
Notes:
An African Negro bought at Buenos Ayres
& bought [sic] to England about 21 years old
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 35, Entry 273

Also baptised was, though separately and a bit later, the 21-year- old black servant Charles (see below), in Buenos Aires bought as a slave still, later probably released (in the British Empire the slave trade was forbidden in 1807, slavery as such, though, not before 1833

*

[see also bottom of page]

).

Photography above: Carlos / Charles, manservant to G.F.Dickson and former slave, in later years

In Everton also the Dicksons' three youngest children were born and christened:

Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Frederick Cartwright Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane

Born: 2 May 1814
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 29, Entry 226
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Thomas Ashton Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane

Born: 13 Jan 1816
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 29, Entry 227
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Jane Elizabeth Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane

Born: 17 Jan 1820
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Frederick Cartwright Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane

Born: 2 May 1814
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 29, Entry 226
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Thomas Ashton Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane

Born: 13 Jan 1816
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
Register: Baptisms 1814 - 1866,
              Page 29, Entry 227
 
Baptism: 23 Jan 1823
St George, Everton, Lancashire, England
Jane Elizabeth Dickson
Child of George Frederick Dickson & Jane

Born: 17 Jan 1820
Abode: Everton
Occupation: Merchant
Baptised by: R. P. Buddicom Minister
1830.HistoryOfEvertonBiblPrt
ban of witch torture and the introduction of compulsory school attendance, against all modern prejudices) after Frederick William I who was strongly influenced by
pietism
had ascended the throne in 1713. The background of this step was the fact that Prussia before had become a colonial power under the Great Elector and still had
colonies
in Africa (parts of
Ghana
, Mauretania and Benin) and America (in the Caribbean) from where Dutch and Prussian merchants had led the international slave trade ot the time (30 000 Africans  were deported via
Großfriedrichsburg
in Ghana, for instance) but now in 1715 were stopped doing this by Prussian law. This may have contributed to the country giving up its colonies by 1720 / 1724.
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